Ibsen vs . Tolstoy Dissertation

Christina Block

Psychic readings in the Humanities

Professor Tovey Van Aulen

March 23, 2010

Societal Affects in nineteenth Century Europe

During the Even victorian Era, surviving in the middle course, many individuals were strongly motivated by society, especially in Europe. People felt that they needed to look best in the open public eye and everything they were doing had to be something which society would approve of, otherwise it was unthinkable. Henrik Ibsen uses the primary characters of Nora and Torvald, in the play, " A Doll's House” just as Leo Tolstoy uses the primary characters of Ivan and Praskovya, in his novel, The Death of Ivan Ilyich, to convey what it was like to live in a middle-class society in nineteenth century Europe. Simply by showing that society is actually drives these kinds of characters to make their decisions, that these characters have beliefs purely depending on society's ideals, and that contemporary society shapes their identities simply by telling all of them where they fit in the world depending on their gender.

Culture specifically drives Nora, Torvald, Ivan and Praskovya to make all of their decisions. Nora keeps at home and doesn't work, although Torvald holds a respectable task at the financial institution because that may be what world has shown them is right. Nora even functions a child toward Torvald plus they never have an important conversation throughout their whole marriage. Nora does not know any better and society has demonstrated her that she would not have to be not a " doll” on her behalf husband. Though Torvald is usually an intelligent and successful gentleman, Nora seems that it is great to act in this way because it provides him a sensation of power. Torvald feels not much different from the way and promotes her habit by calling her family pet names constantly. In the beginning landscape of the play Torvald provides Nora funds almost like a parent gives to their child, he calls her more than by stating, " Come, come, my little skylark must not droop her wings. What is this kind of! Is my little squirrel out of temper? Nora, what do you believe I have got here? ” (Ibsen 7). Ivan and...

Cited: Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll 's House. New york city: Pocket Books, 2006. 5-

88. Print.

Tolstoy, Leo. The Death of Ivan Ilyich. New York: Bantam Dell,

1981. 39-113. Print.

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